The most famous case of the use of what we can consider the regulars among the drugs used by athletes was Ben Johnson of Canada. When he was caught at the Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea in 1988, the news indicated that he was on testosterone. In the subsequent Dubin Inquiry it was revealed that he had been using drugs for some time and that it was a managed use. He was under the watchful of the late physician, Jaime Astaphan. In the Inquiry Astaphan seemed to suggest that athletes were well into the use of drugs and that it was important that they had medical guidance lest they hurt themselves in this practice.
The involvement of medical practitioners in the experience of drugs of sport seems quite obvious. There seems enough reason to believe that an increasing number of athletes were into blood doping. They were encouraged by medical practitioners to take out blood, store it and then reload closer to the competition. It was suggested that it then acted as a sort of turbo boost for the athletes who has prepared him/herself for competition.
Cocaine & marijuana
There has long been suspicion that athletes had turned on to the harder drugs common to society. It took some time before researchers were able to point to reasons why athletes would have considered using the likes of openly criminalised drugs like marijuana and cocaine.
In the world of tennis, for example, it was suggested several years that athletes may have been turning to the use of cocaine in increasing numbers in order to compensate for the rigours of the annual ATP circuit. Some athletes suggested that the pain from engaging in continuous highly competitive tennis was dulled by the effects of cocaine.
Initially the international tennis fraternity scoffed at the suggestion of cocaine use by its athletes. It also rejected the idea of drugs being used at all by athletes who play the game.
We have come to know different and the recent revelation of cocaine being found in Martina Hingis’ system must be reason to doubt the credibility of an increasing number of athletes who play the game and others who engage in different sporting disciplines.